China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry from a large country to a strong country to cross
Release time: 2022-10-13
Agricultural machinery and equipment is an indispensable tool for improving agricultural production efficiency, achieving effective use of resources and promoting sustainable agricultural development, and plays a very important role in ensuring national food security, promoting agricultural production and efficiency, changing the way farmers increase their income and promoting rural development.
As an industry closely related to agriculture in the equipment manufacturing industry, the state has provided a policy system for the agricultural machinery industry to continue to strengthen, and the implementation of stable financial and tax support, all of which makes the comprehensive strength of China's agricultural machinery industry to rapidly improve the gross domestic product of the agricultural machinery industry, sales revenue, total profits, import and export trade increased by more than 20% for many years in a row, the total economic volume has now ranked among the world's top. Tractor, combine harvester, plant protection machinery, agricultural water pump and other products production in the world.
At present, China is in an important stage of accelerated development of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, the domestic demand for agricultural machinery products is still in a period of rapid growth. Agricultural modernization and the acceleration of the process of agricultural industrialization, agricultural machinery industry provides a broad space for development. But China's agricultural machinery and equipment field compared with developed industrial countries there is still more room for improvement. China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry to the national implementation of the "Made in China 2025", "Belt and Road" strategy as an opportunity to cultivate core competitiveness, through innovation to achieve breakthroughs, through the optimization of industrial structure to achieve strategic adjustment to the new economic normal. Inject new energy into the industry to achieve the leap from a large manufacturing country to a strong manufacturing country.
Agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing trends
Agricultural machinery and equipment as an important means to improve the efficiency of agricultural production, through the mechanization stage from the replacement of human and animal power, to achieve automation applications based on electronic control technology, and towards the development of information technology as the core of intelligent and advanced manufacturing direction. The distinctive feature is to mechanical equipment as a carrier, integration of electronics, information, biology, environment, materials, modern manufacturing and other technologies, and constantly enhance the equipment technology to adapt to performance, expand operational functions, to ensure the reliability of seasonal strong labor operations, enhance the manufacture of complex structures, improve the soil - plants and animals - machines - people Coordination with the ecological environment, around the construction of resource-saving, environment-friendly agriculture, to achieve comprehensive recycling of resources and agricultural ecological protection, the development of new agricultural machinery and equipment, to achieve "safe multi-power, automatic, intelligent", to support the sustainable development of agriculture.
Development goals and paths
The development path of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry is: through the construction of scientific and technological innovation platform to enhance independent research and development capabilities; through industrial restructuring, and strive to achieve a reasonable industrial structure; through the implementation of green manufacturing and energy conservation and emission reduction, the extensive use of modern manufacturing technology to promote industrial upgrading; through a breakthrough in product technology, significantly improve the product structure.
Its development goals are: by 2020, the construction of the formation of core functional components and machine testing and development and collaborative supporting capabilities, domestic agricultural products market share of 90%; more than 200 horsepower large tractors and cotton pickers and other products market share of 30%. By 2025, a full range of machinery for the production of bulk food and strategic economic crops, the market share of domestic agricultural machinery products is stable and higher than 95%; more than 200 horsepower large tractors and cotton pickers and other high-end products market share of 60%.
The task of development
Agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry should be driven by the implementation of innovation, to promote intelligent transformation and strengthen the industrial base. Development of grain, meat, eggs and milk, fruit and vegetable production and cotton, oil, sugar, rubber and other crops key production links agricultural machinery and equipment, integrated full mechanization solutions and complete sets of equipment. Research and master technology-intensive agricultural machinery products and their manufacturing technology. Including stepless variable speed large tractors, variable compound operating equipment, can combine harvesting machinery, precision low pollution large self-propelled application machinery, seed breeding and fine selection of processing equipment, intelligent equipment for healthy breeding. Breakthroughs in heavy-duty diesel engines, stepless variable speed, electronic control technology, hydraulic drive and animal and plant object identification and monitoring systems, etc. as the key components of the efficiency improvement and reliability technology. Promote mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data, Internet of things and other modern agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, to promote the whole process of agricultural production based on operations, services, information and other multi-faceted support solutions, the creation of a new generation of agricultural equipment with information access, intelligent decision-making and operational capabilities. Strengthen the industry technical standards system, industry information technology data service system, industry testing and inspection capabilities, product digital design platform construction. Promote the application of digitalization, intelligent, clean production, virtual manufacturing, network manufacturing, parallel manufacturing, modularization, and rapid resource reorganization technologies.
Enhance the competitiveness of the industry at home and abroad with innovation as the base point
Through original innovation, integrated innovation and the introduction of digestion and absorption of reinnovation, to the iconic intelligent, energy-saving and environmentally friendly major equipment and key core components of technological breakthroughs as, to narrow the gap with the international advanced level, in the replacement of imports at the same time, the leading backbone enterprises as a carrier, build based on the future international development of business management and operation platform, and actively "go out "to cut into the global agricultural equipment market, take the international development road, through improving the technical level and quality of products, building a global marketing service network system, promoting the export of high value-added products, and gradually forming brand advantages to enhance the industry.
Innovative development model to provide support for national food security
As one of the ten areas of development of "Made in China 2025", the agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry takes the implementation of "Made in China 2025" as an opportunity to promote the digitalization and By targeting the technical problems of high safety, high reliability and high adaptability of agricultural equipment, promoting the deep integration of digital and intelligent technologies with agricultural equipment, aiming at the automation, intelligence and specialization of agricultural production, developing advanced and applicable, low-emission, low-pollution and energy-efficient environmentally friendly agricultural machinery products as a carrier, improving the information collection, intelligent decision-making and operational capabilities of agricultural machinery products, and enhancing the level of modern agricultural production, as well as promoting multi-faceted solutions based on operations, services and information of agricultural production. We are also committed to promoting the full range of solutions based on the operation, service and information of agricultural production, promoting the upgrading of agricultural equipment industry and moving towards a strong country in agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing.